Voltage, also known as electric potential difference or electric tension, signifies the potential energy inherent in an electric charge within an electric field due to its spatial disposition. Often likened to “pressure” or “force,” voltage is the impetus propelling electric current within a circuit, quantified in volts (V).

Let’s make it a bit simpler

In simpler terms, voltage manifests as the contrast in electric potential between two points within a circuit.

This dissimilarity in potential engenders an electric field capable of propelling electric charges from one point to another, thereby engendering an electric current.

The magnitude of voltage dictates the potential energy of these charges and the vigour with which they traverse.

Voltage stands as a foundational concept in electrical engineering, pivotal in the formulation and evaluation of electrical circuits and systems. Furthermore, it serves as a vital parameter governing the secure and efficient application of electrical devices and machinery.